middle range theory upsc

It's only natural that meta-theory has parts of grand theory, middle range theory and practice theory. These deal with biological, psychological, and social areas of individuals. Passes in Pir Panjal. Roper’s vision for using the Model of Nursing just as her counterpart Abdellah’s vision, was to accurately identify problems and solve them using this tool to plan nursing care. Nurses then need to understand that theory should provide the foundations of nursing practice, help to generate further knowledge and indicate in which direction nursing should develop in the future. Charalambous Tower Though these theories were carved out of Virginia Henderson’s concept of doing for another person what he or she lacks the strength, will, or knowledge to do, (George) pg577, they also added new dimensions to the nursing practice. Nicely and DeLario (2011) defined an organ donor as “an individual who is brain dead and is a candidate for solid-organ donation for transplantation” (p. 72). The nurse must accurately identify the lacks or deficits regarding health that the client is experiencing. Middle range theory is appreciated as essential to the structure of nursing knowledge. Orlando then continued on in her research into these... ... The first article applied Virginia Henderson’s grand theory of Principles and Practice of Nursing, also known as the activities of living theory (Nicely & DeLario, 2011). D. Philosophy . Current embodiments such as the Magnet Recognition Program have encouraged theoretical research in nursing (McCrae, 2012) The politico economic factor is the impact of the government, politics, and economy on the activities of daily living. According to the model, there are five factors that influence the activities of living. She describe the recipients of nursing as individuals (and families), although she does not delineate her beliefs or assumptions about the nature of human beings. To explain this, Mackinder described a ‘closed seas’ theory. Abdellah describes health as a state mutually exclusive of illness. The process includes quiet reflection on practice, remembering and noting features of nursing situations, attending to one’s own feelings, re-evaluating the experience, and integrating new knowing with other experience (Gray & Forsstrom, 1991). Virginia Henderson’s grand theory of Principles and Practice of Nursing, it is explained that the grand theory is for the brain dead patient. Grand Theory provides the foundation for middle-range theory. Abdellah’s main goal was the advancement of education for nurses; she believed that as the education of nurses improves, nursing practice improves as well. The incorporation of these factors into the theory of nursing makes it a holistic model. She described a problem as a condition faced by the patient for which a nurse can assist, overtly... ...For the comparison discussion I will be comparing Virginia Henderson’s grand theory of Principles and Practice of Nursing to Levine’s Consevation Model of Nursing. The first school of thought includes theories that reflect an image of nursing as meeting the needs of patients (Meleis, 2012). | |... ...Middle Range Theory in Nursing The nursing-centered orientation to client care seems contrary to the client-centered approach that Abdellah professes to uphold. ; It extends from the Jhelum river to the upper Beas river for over 300 km. By applying the fourteen activities categorized under Henderson’s theory, nurses are able to provide the brain dead patient with the proper care they deserve and to ease the process for the family going through this unfortunate situation. 3. Philosophy of nursing Central place theory is a geographical theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human settlements in a residential system. The environment is implicitly defined by Abdellah as the home or community from which patient comes. (Abdellah et al., 1960). Abdellah describes people as having physical, emotional and sociology needs. This factor addresses issues such as funding, government policies and programs, war or conflict, availability to benefits, political reforms, interest rates, and availability of public and private funding, among others. The Pir Panjal range in Kashmir is the longest and the most important range. 32 Stasicratous Street In relation to nursing problems, yes they can be overt or covert in nature, but using this holistic approach making the client the centre of the care being afforded to him these problems can be identified and dealt with using nursing functions. This middle-range theory addresses health care issues of individuals and communities through the facilitation of a healthy lifestyle. Besides returning that person to independence as soon as possible, they also seek to identify the patient and not just the disease being treated. Society is included in "planning for optimum health on local, state, and international levels." Virginia Henderson was a needs theorist who categorized human needs into 14 components: breathing normally, eating and drinking adequately, eliminate body wastes, move and maintain desirable postures, sleep and rest, select suitable clothes, maintain homeostasis, personal hygiene, protect the integument, avoid environmental dangers and injury to others, communicate with others, worship according to faith, participate in recreation, learn and... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, The Statue of Liberty: Meaning of the Statue of Liberty. In practice theory, there are four steps to follow: you have to identify and describe a phenomenon, identify and describe possible explanations, predict the occurrence and control or eliminate the cause. According to Smith & Liehr (2008) Middle range theory is defined as "a set of related ideas that are focused on a limited dimension of the reality of nursing. Use of these two tools would aid in identifying the nursing problems the client faces and hence allow for the planned care to address these problems through the problem- solving technique. Middle range theory as defined by Smith and Liehr (2008) is a set of related ideas associated with the defined reality of nursing. Middle-range theories are useful in addressing the problems of nursing, espe- cially among vulnerable populations. Orlando worked as a staff nurse in many different areas of nursing and as a graduate of a Master’s program participated in research at Yale. As an example Mackinder referred to the UK as a maritime power, challenged by European terrestrial powers, France, Germany and Russia. Nine middle range theories that demonstrate ongoing use by the theory authors are analyzed using the criteria of theory name, theory generation, disciplinary perspective, theory model, practice use and research use. Faye Glenn Abdellah's is a need theorist. The middle range theories consist of two more concepts, and these concepts are concrete and operationally explained. To use community resources as an aid in resolving problems arising from illness. In that first edition, eight middle range theories for nursing were presented. Unless nurses increase the value placed on research and the body of knowledge that establishes the legitimacy of their practice then nursing will remain in a subordinate position in the medical environment. Grand theories are the most complex and broadest in scope. The paper should include the following: 1. Grand nursing theories consist of four schools of thought. These sections include, but are not limited to, normal breathing, eating, drinking, and elimination of body waist. Presently this assessment model is used to identify changes in a patient’ life due to some form of illness basically as a checklist which wasn’t its first modus operandi. "Nursing is based on an art and science that mould the attitudes, intellectual competencies, and technical skills of the individual nurse into the desire and ability to help people, sick or well, cope with their health needs." Application of a Grand Theory 2. Nursing theory aims to describe, predict and explain the phenomenon of nursing (Chinn and Jacobs1978). Yet, in many instances, solving the covert problems may solve the overt problems as well. The psychological factor addresses the impact of emotion, cognition, spiritual beliefs, and the ability to understand. Middle-range theories are understood by many nursing researchers as a theoretical framework that connects grand theories to the nursing practice . It is currently the de facto dominant approach to sociological theory construction, especially in the United States. Health, or the achieving of it, is the purpose of nursing services. Address: Cyprus Headquarters Theorists anticipated that by conceptualizing models of nursing, practitioners would be able to become more autonomous in their clinical settings while increasing the visibility and authority of nursing as a discipline. 6. American Sentinel University The article I used was, “Testing a Theory of Health Promotion for Preterm Infants Based on Levine’s Conservation Model of Nursing,” by Linda Medfford, and, Martha Raile Alligood. Abdellah further delineated her ideas; the focus of nursing service is clearly the individual. The biological factor addresses the impact of the overall health, of current injury and illness, and the scope of the patient's anatomy and physiology. This approach guides research on nursing diagnoses to revise the content of the theory and to expand its concepts and elements for the diagnosis of an ineffective infant feeding pattern. Needs theories have been criticized for relying too much on the medical model of health and placing the patient in an overtly dependent position. Middle-range Theory: This theory may be used to holistically explore multiple facets of the symptom experience, including the factors influencing symptoms and the consequences of the symptoms. Ida Jean Orlando is a well-known theorist in the realm of nursing. It deals with the processes of generating knowledge and debating broad issues related to the nature of theory, types of theory needed and suitable criteria for theory evaluation. To promote optimal activity: exercise, rest, and sleep. The discoveries about what living means are categorized into the activities of living to promote maximum independence through complete assessment, which leads to interventions that further support independence in areas that may be difficult or impossible for the patient on his or her own. Originally she received her diploma of nursing in 1947 at the New York Medical College. The patient is describes as the only justification for the existence of nursing. The activities of daily living are the key to the model, which seeks to define "what living means." This decision was made, in part, due to the fact that all of these theorists were born and educated in the twentieth century and I felt that their theories might be more applicable to my nursing practice. Carol Goetz ...Critique of a Grand Theory To the question of these theories and their usefulness indeed they would aid in the practice of nursing through their exposure of the covert and overt aspects of the patient’s life. To identify and accept positive and negative expressions, feelings, and reactions. Grand Theory Written Assignment 3.1

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