Detections of this pest have since been made in most states in the northeastern portion of the United States as well as in California beginning in 1996. This beetle has also been recovered from maple (Acer) in Canada and is attacking living cherry and peach trees in Utah (Prunus). The larvae feed in tunnels in the wood of the tree branches and trunks, eventually killing the tree. Learn how to identify the invasive Asian Longhorned Beetle in this fast paced video field guide. ALB has not yet been found in New Hampshire. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. It is not currently known to be established in Michigan, but populations of this beetle are established in New York and Chicago. This is an Asian Longhorned Beetle or Starry Sky Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis. , Over 1,550 trees in Chicago have been cut down and destroyed to eradicate A. glabripennis from Chicago. This species has now been accidentally introduced into the United States, where it was first discovered in 1996, as well as Canada, and several countries in Europe, including Austria, France, Germany, Italy and UK. Traps can also be used containing a pheromone and a plant kairomone to attract nearby adults. Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALHB) Scientific Name: Anoplophora glabripennis; Order and Family: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae; Description. , All infested trees should be removed by certified tree care personnel to ensure that the process is completed properly, and chipped in place, their stumps ground to below the soil level. Meet the "Starry Sky" Beetle. Monochamus spp. 2009. The use of solid wood packing materials for maritime shipping is regulated for adequate treatment methods at certain ports. This insect pest poses a serious risk to trees and forests. Insecticides such as imidacloprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran have been used to target adult beetles in canopies or as trunk injections to target larvae. can be easily mistaken for the Asian longhorned beetle. Within the beetle’s native range, which includes portions of China and the Korean peninsula [11,12,15], outbreak populations of Asian longhorned beetles are most common in managed monocultures, windbreaks, and urban trees, which are often made up of non-native host species (frequently Populus sp.) In China, Asian longhorned beetles are not damaging in forests, but because of extensive planting of certain poplars (exotic varieties) that proved highly susceptible to the species, the insect increased in abundance. Washington Invasive Species Council. Invasive Species - (Anoplophora glabripennis) Watch List - Prohibited in Michigan The Asian longhorned beetle can attack and kill many tree species including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut, but its favorite host are maple trees. "Just last year we declared eradication of ALB from Brooklyn and Queens in New York City, ending the city's 23-year-long battle with the beetle," said Osama El-Lissy, APHIS' Plant Protection and Quarantine Deputy Administrator. The antennae have 11 segments. In the United States, A. glabripennis has completed development on species of these genera and also Aesculus, Albizia, birch, katsura, ash, planes, and Sorbus. Early detection is used to manage infestations before they can spread. This beetle starts as a tiny egg. These beetles feed on many … Bugged: The Race To Eradicate The Asian Longhorned Beetle. This borer attacks a variety of hardwood trees. Entomological Research Laboratory. Natural Resources Canada. National Invasive Species Information Center, Alien Forest Pest Explorer (AFPE): Alien Pest Range Maps, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Asian Longhorned Beetle, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Insects and Mites - Asian Longhorned Beetle Maps, Asian Longhorned Beetle Federal Notices and Federal Orders, Asian Longhorned Beetle Regulatory Authorities, Domestic Quarantine Notices (Title 7: Agriculture, Part 301) - Asian Longhorned Beetle, State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Asian Longhorned Beetle Photo Gallery, YouTube - Outsmart Invasive Species Project: Asian Longhorned Beetle, Priority Species: Citrus, Asian, and Red-Necked Longhorned Beetles, Asian Longhorned Cooperative Eradication Program, First Detector Program - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Gallery of Pests - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Invaders Factsheet: Asian Long-horned Beetle, New York Invasive Species Information - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Asian Longhorned Beetle (, Regional Pest Alert: Asian Longhorned Beetle, Forest Disturbance Processes - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Hungry Pests: The Threat - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Insects and Mites - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Forest Invasive Alien Species - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Plant Pests / Invasive Species - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Forest Pests: Invasive Plants and Insects of Maryland - Asian Longhorned Beetle (Aug 2012) (PDF | 279 KB), Fact Sheet: Asian Longhorned Beetle (PDF | 108 KB), Field Guide: Invasive - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Insects & Pests - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Michigan Invasive Species - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Asian Longhorned Beetle - UVM Public Awareness, Emerging Threats: Asian Longhorned Beetle, Introduced Species Summary Project - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Help With Pests - Asian Longhorned Beetle, Managing invasive populations of Asian longhorned beetle and citrus longhorned beetle: a worldwide perspective, Ecology and management of exotic and endemic Asian longhorned beetle. Google. The Asian Longhorned beetle is shiny black (like patent leather) with irregular white spots and 1 to 1 1/2 inches in length. Frankie Barker . Report the insect or tree damage by calling the ALB hotline at 1-866-702-9938 or online at www.AsianLonghornedBeetle.com. Canadian Forest Service. Asian long-horned beetle (ALB), starry sky beetle, First breeding populations discovered in New York in 1996 (, Arrived accidentally in cargo from Asia (, Destructive wood-boring pest of maple and other hardwoods (. "I am proud to say that we have eradicated Asian longhorned beetle from Brooklyn and Queens," said Greg Ibach, USDA's Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs. Not all poplar species are equally susceptible to attack. Woodpeckers can also be a significant source of mortality. It is invasive outside its native range.  Adults will typically infest the crown and main branches first and will begin to infest the trunk as the crown dies. Scientific names: Citrus Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora chinensis), Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), and Red-necked Longhorned Beetle (Aromia bungii) The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. , Quarantines have been established around infested areas to prevent accidental spread of A. glabripennis by humans. University of Georgia. , Upon emergence, adult females can copulate, although an obligatory maturation period is required for feeding after emergence for ovarian maturation. Its scientific name is Anoplophora glabripennis (Motchulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). The upper sections of the legs of the adults are whitish-blue.  Adult males have mature spermatozoa before emergence, and feeding is necessary only to sustain their normal activity. In addition to federal quarantines, state-level quarantines might apply see State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations (National Plant Board). , Adults are very large insects with bodies ranging from 1.7 to 3.9 cm (0.67 to 1.54 in) in length and antennae which can be as long as 4 cm (1.6 in) or 1.5–2 times longer than the body of the insect. Scientific name: ... What are Asian and citrus longhorn beetles? , Workers have found and reported infested material in warehouses in CA, FL, IL, IN, MA, MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TX, WA, and WI in the United States, and in the Greater Toronto Area in Ontario, Canada. Google. , In September 1998, US customs regulations were changed to require wooden packing materials from China be chemically treated or kiln-dried to prevent further infestations of the Asian long-horned beetle from arriving. Family: Cerambycidae. APHIS. Preferred Names. Hajek. 2010, Fig. Japan is often erroneously included in its native range. Plant Health. Due to high tree mortality caused by larval feeding outside its native range, A. glabripennis can change both forest and urban ecosystems. Entomology and Plant Pathology. Please take pictures and, if possible, capture suspicious insects in a durable container and freeze them, which helps to preserve the insect for identification. Help us by looking at the debris from your swimming pools. Laboratory studies have estimated the female maturation period lasts 9–15 days. Help us by looking at the debris from your swimming pools. Known Hosts: In Asia the Japanese cedar longhorned beetle is considered a secondary pest attacking stressed and freshly cut conifers. Eggs hatch in 13–54 days depending on temperature. FS. bear no or only faint markings on their elytra, tend to be smaller, and usually … Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Eggs that have not developed enough, such as those laid in late summer or early fall, will overwinter and hatch the following season. Origin Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Asian long-horned beetle site. Asian long-horned beetle larvae do not pupate before they reach a critical weight, so additional larval instars can occur. , In Europe, established populations have been found in Austria, Belgium, England, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom, though the beetle had also been intercepted in areas through inspection of international trade goods such as wood packaging. Kansas Forest Service.  Adults feed on leaf petioles and can chew through bark on small branches to feed on the vascular cambium. Combined with efficacy concerns, high cost, and non-target effects on other insects, widespread prophylactic treatment of trees in an infestation area concern scientists. Plant Protection and Quarantine.  Eggs, larvae or as pupae can overwinter within the tree. Dead and dying tree limbs or branches and yellowing leaves when there has been no drought also indicate A. glabripennis infestation. ALB was detected in the Toronto, Ontario area in 2003 and quick action lead to eradication of the pest over the following years. Every year, APHIS evaluates and determines the most effective options to achieve ALB eradication. They resume their life cycle when temperatures are above 10 °C (50 °F). Whenever you clean your pool, look at the debris you collect in your filter and skimmers. Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle); adult beetle in hand, showing the considerable size of this insect! Kansas State University. Its scientific name is Anoplophora glabripennis and this is the first time it has been seen infesting trees in the United States. , In 2012, the first recorded outbreak of Asian longhorn beetle in the UK was found at Paddock Wood in Kent, near small commercial premises that had imported stone from China. , Some resistant trees have been developed that quickly fill oviposition pits with sap or produce callous tissue that encases and kills eggs. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. In North America, maple, boxelder, willow, elm, horsechestnut, buckeye and birch are documented as very good hosts. The dreadful longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae; also known as long-horned or longicorns) are a family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body. Insecticides within the tree may not translocate evenly, which allows some A. glabripennis to survive treatments.  They are shiny black with about 20 white spots on each wing cover and long antennae conspicuously banded black and white. The black and white striped antennae are twice as long as the body. The eradication strategy in South Carolina will be like those used for other ALB infestations in the United States. The emerald ash borer , also known by the acronym EAB , is a green buprestid or jewel beetle native to north-eastern Asia that feeds on ash species. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Asian Long-Horned Beetle. In addition, program officials will monitor for the beetle’s presence inside and around each area, respond to service calls, conduct training sessions for compliance agreement holders, and perform outreach. If you live in the regulated area (PDF | 576 KB), please help by allowing officials access to your property to inspect and remove trees. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Species Profile- Asian long-horned beetle (, United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_long-horned_beetle&oldid=990480919, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 18:38. 1. In Europe, complete development has been recorded on maple, Aesculus, alder, birch, hornbeam, beech, ash, planes, poplar, Prunus, willow, and Sorbus. Today, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and Clemson University’s Department of Plant Industry (DPI) announced their plans for combatting the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) in Charleston County, South Carolina. Forest Disturbance Processes - Asian Longhorned Beetle. The body is glossy black with irregular white spots. Urges Public to Look For Invasive Asian Longhorned Beetle and Not Move Firewood. Haack, R.A., F. Herard, J. Asian longhorn beetles spend about 7 days within the pupal chamber as an adult before exiting the natal host (China). Now that you know that, you will be able to find much information online including Wikipedia which reports the Asian Longhorned Beetle, which is called the Sky Oxen in China: “is native to China and other areas of eastern Asia, where it causes widespread mortality of poplar ,willow ,elm , and maple trees.” USDA. University of California - Riverside. A long-horned beetle has recently been discovered attacking trees in Brooklyn and Amityville, NY. It includes establishing a quarantine, removing infested trees, and potentially using, with the landowner’s permission, a combination of tree removal and chemical treatment for trees that are within a half-mile radius of an infested tree. Anoplophora chinensis (Föster), the citrus longhorned beetle, is a closely related beetle that has also gained notoriety as an invasive species (Haack et al. he Asian longhorned beetle is a large wood-boring beetle native to China and other Asian countries. A larva can consume up to 1,000 cubic cm of wood in its lifetime. 7A vs. B). , Larvae are cylindrical and elongate and can be 50 mm (2.0 in) long and 5.4 mm (0.21 in) wide. , Adult females lay 45–62 eggs in their lifetime by chewing a small pit through the bark of the host tree to the cambium and lay one 5–7 mm (0.20–0.28 in) long egg underneath the bark in each pit. This species has now been accidentally introduced into the United States, where it was first discovered in 1996, as well as Canada, and several countries in Europe, including Austria, France, Germany, Italy and UK.  Adult longevity and fecundity are influenced by conditions such as the larval host plant and temperature. Insect. The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was found in Worcester, MA in August 2008 and in Boston in July 2010. Hu, J., S. Angeli, S. Schuetz, Y. Luo, and A.E. The Asian Long-Horned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis The Situation: An exotic long-horned beetle was first discovered attacking ornamental trees in New York City and Chicago. Cooperative Extension; New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food. Common names: Asian longhorn beetle and citrus longhorn beetle. Classification: Phylum or Division: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Family: Cerambycidae Identification:: The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) is large, ranging from 0.75-1.25 inches long; with very long black and white antennae. Countries working towards eradicating A. glabripennis typically do not initially utilize biological control.. The Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), also known as the starry sky, sky beetle, or ALB, is native to eastern China, and Korea. The larvae of this big black-and-white beetle feed on many different types of hardwood trees. As a result both Clemson University's State Crop Pest Commission (which regulates crop pests for the state government) and the federal APHIS declared a quarantine. At the end of the first year’s survey, 1,500 trees had been felled and burned from fields and roadsides and 700 from commercial premises and private gardens. Use this. Pest inspection, new rules, and public awareness are the key steps to prevention of the spread of the Asian long-horned beetle. , Tree infestation can be detected by looking for exit holes 3/8 to 3/4 inches in diameter (1–2 cm) often in the larger branches of the crowns of infested trees. A. glabripennis has been eradicated from Islip, Manhattan, and Staten Island in New York, Jersey City in New Jersey, Chicago in Illinois, and Boston in Massachusetts. Larvae expel frass from their tunnels near the original oviposition site. For additional information regarding the ALB Program, please contact the ALB National Policy Manager, Paul Chaloux, 301-851-2068. In June, APHIS and DPI confirmed the beetle is infesting trees in the county. Massachusetts Introduced Pests Outreach Project. It was also declared eradicated in Toronto and Vaughan, Ontario, but it was rediscovered there in 2013. Dogs can also be trained to detect the smell of frass on trees. Center for Invasive Species Research.  After an aggressive containment program and with the last confirmed sighting in 2007, Canada declared itself free of the beetle on April 5, 2013 and lifted restrictions on the movement of tree materials. Sun, and J.J. Turgeon. Asian longhorned Beetle: Life Cycle. Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada). Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was found in Worcester, MA in August 2008 and in Boston in July 2010. Google. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) larvae bore through wood of a wide variety of hardwood species, most notibly maples, elm, horsechestnut, willow, sycamore and birch. The top five host genera infested in Europe, in decreasing order, are maple, birch, willow, Aesculus, and poplar. Public outreach and educational site (former Asianlonghornedbeetle.com site). The infested furniture imported from China is made from a type of walnut (Juglans). The host range appears to be broad and not enough is known about this insect to know what hosts are at greatest risk in Mi… Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky 1854) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Laboratory reared males and females can live up to 202 and 158 days, respectively.. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) has a glossy black body with white spots on top of its wings. Federal Orders are effective immediately and contain the specific regulatory requirements. ALB has not yet been found in New Hampshire. Plant Health Division. If you live in Charleston County or nearby counties, please look for ALB and examine your trees for any damage that may be caused by the beetle, such as dime-sized exit holes in tree trunks and branches. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) is a serious pest with a broad host range.  However, when they do disperse, they can travel up to approximately 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from their host tree in a growing season in search of new hosts, although in a mark-recapture experiment about 98% of adults were recaptured within 1 km (0.62 mi) of their release point. Common names for A. glabripennis in Asia are the starry sky beetle, basicosta white-spotted longicorn beetle, or smooth shoulder-longicorn, and it is called the Asian long-horned beetle (ALB) in North America. Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was first discovered in North America at several ports in the early 1990's.
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