Antithetic parallelism is a form of parallelism where the meaning of two or more excerpts of text are observed, although directly linked by providing the same meaning from differing perspectives. THIS WEBSITE IS OWNED AND OPERATED BY LEEBURN ASSOCIATES, How To Prepare Expository Sermon Outlines, How To Prepare A Short Sermon For Beginners, TERMS AND CONDITIONS/AFFILIATE DISCLOSURE. (Psalm 2:4) Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; Thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potterâs vessel. The third part repeats the first part and the fourth part repeats the second part. Some of the basic types of parallelism found in the Psalms in-clude: a. Synonymous parallelism - In this form, the thought stated in the-first lines reinforced by the second line (e.g. In antithetic parallelism, two lines are contrasted with one another in order to make a point. There are several ways to categorise the different types of parallelism in Hebrew poetry. If you want to impress someone refer to 1. Other articles where Synthetic parallelism is discussed: biblical literature: Psalms: Synthetic parallelism involves the completion or expansion of the idea of the first part in the second part. The Scriptures abound with other illustrations of the arrangement of alternate parallel lines. It advances, completes or sheds greater understanding on the thought of the first line. In our language, parallelism is the repetition of certain sentence parts for rhetorical effect. English poetry is usually based upon rhyme and meter whereas Hebrew poetry is usually based upon rhythm and parallelism. 12:28). It is a parallelism in which the one reinforces the other. Antithetical Parallelismâ âThe proverb displays antithetical parallelism when two ideas are contrasted with one another. Synonymous parallelism- The 2nd line basically repeats the idea in the first line. Using parallelism, the poet makes a statement on one line and parallels it with a complementary statement on the next line. 2. 702. This form of sacred writing has been noted from the earliest times. the lamp of the wicked, are sin." It is very clear before whom God is going to be praised. (Psalm 2:9) Van Seters John W. Ritenbaugh The Covenants, Grace, and Law (Part Ten) In synthetic parallelism, the parallel units In Psalm 1:6, âknowsâ is parallel to âperishâ; in the Bible, those whom God knows he watches over and keeps from perishing: For the Lord knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish. Parallelism; or, Parallel Lines. The alternate parallelism employs the ABAB pattern. Synonymous parallelism is where the same thought is repeated twice in different but synonymous (meaning ânearly the... 2. parallelism. In Proverbs 21:27 the first action is compared to the second action, which is of greater consequence. English uses parallelism quite often, as in the proverb âlike father, like son.â A. SYNONYMOUS PARALLELISM. ... the Prophets and the Psalms. But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night. Contrasting parallelism is where the two lines balance one another or contrast a thought. It is one of several types of parallelism used in Hebrew poetry (the other types being synonymous parallelism, synthetic parallelism, and antithetical parallelism).Emblematic parallelism is constructed with a symbol or a metaphor (an â¦ This is similar to the way Hebrew parallelism in the Psalms organizes and structures ideas. only some of the terms are parallel e.g. Job and Psalms . Antithetic Parallelism. 6. All rights reserved, Hebrew Poetry and the Lord's Prayer - The Wine-Dark Sea, Book Notes from August and September 2020, Resurrection and the Feast of the Guardian Angels, John Paul the Great: Remembering a Spiritual Father by Peggy Noonan, THIS IS NOT THE YEAR: A 2020 Advent song for people with good taste, All Souls Day: When We Get to the Point of Christianity, Contrapuntal Harmony in Busman’s Honeymoon, A Love Story with Detective Interruptions, Busman’s Honeymoon by Dorothy Sayers, Infinite Hope: A Black Artist’s Journey from World War II to Peace. "Let us break their chains and throw off their shackles." Parallelism and symmetry are common structural elements in poetry, and the chiasm or envelope form (ABBA, as in the rhyme scheme of a Petrarchan sonnet) is a common type of symmetry especially for poems that want to compare or contrast something, as psalm 1 â¦ CS4/MSc Parallel Architectures - 2017-2018 Lect. Hebrew parallelism is â¦ Psalm 111:1 "The assembly of the upright" and "the congregation" are not necessarily different. Proverbs 14:19 â Evil men will bow down in the presence of the good, and the wicked at the gates of the righteous. No additions, deletions, or changes are to be made to the text or audio files in any way, and the copies may not be sold for a profit. The alternate parts may be either synonymous or antithetic. Ex. Psalm 32:6 Specifying parallelism- The 2nd line makes the idea of the first line more specific. The progression of chimes through each hour creates a kind of time parallelism. 1 Commentary first published on this site on Oct. 30, 2011.. 2 In Lutherâs Works 53: 283.. 3 This restoration to the psalm can be found in such important scholars as Hans-Joachim Kraus [Psalms 1-59 (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1988) 458-9]. ). But these alternate lines may consist not merely of two pairs, or of four lines; or, of repeated alternations: the alternation may be extended. "The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination; Psalm 139, is attributed to King David of Israel. As we continue on our trip through the Old Testament, we must now leave the history books and move ahead into the poetry books. In biblical literature: Psalms Synonymous parallelism involves the repetition in the second part of what has already been expressed in the first, while simply varying the words. 10:1; 18:2; 19:1; 114) b. The argument is entirely internal, assuming that because the Hebrew word selah follows each of the three stanzas, the refrain should follow also. This type of parallelism is very frequent with many variations. The Use of Parallelism in Psalm 139. Parallelism in Psalm 19 One of the distinguishing characteristics of ancient Israelite poetry is the form of synonymous parallelism. are compared in order to describe the types of children that are pleasing to their parents. The third form of Hebrew Parallelism is where the second and third line enhances or magnifies the first line. As the name implies, this type has the second or parallel line saying about the same thing as the firstâfor emphasis. The Hebrew poem. Ex. 3. Notes. Psalm 81.6a: Observations on Translation and Meaning of One Hebrew Line - P. A. H. de Boer The Role of Elihu in the Design of the Book of Job - N. C. Habel The Redactional History of Isaiah 5.1-10.4 - C. E. L'Heureux The Semantic Parallelism of Psalm 89 - D. Pardee Joshua 24 and the Problem of Tradition in the Old Testament - J. However, unlike much traditional poetry that ends in rhyme, the Psalms are characterized in rhythmic thought patterns of parallelism. Only some of the terms are parallel Incomplete Parallelism with Compensation.