olefin fiber characteristics

It is far less expensive but it doesn’t last as long as other fibers and has poor resistance to soiling. The first, polyethylene, is a simple linear structure with repeating units. These fibers are used mainly for ropes, twines and utility fabrics. Here are some essentials, but you might want to purchase a copy of Fiber Facts for a reference text that has more detailed information. Polyolefin fibers are available as continuous filament yarn, monofilament, slit, or fibrillated film and staple. Low pressure production uses a low temperature with a catalyst and hydrocarbon solvent. Some basic information about fibers and fabric specifications is essential for evaluating and comparing available materials. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. ▣ This fabric dries rapidly. The Federal Trade Commission 's official definition of olefin fiber is “A manufactured fiber in which the fiber forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units” The fibers have the lowest static of all manufactured fibers and a medium luster. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. It tends to exhibit a smooth, regular surface along its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber. Chemical. Stereoselective polymerization orders these methyl groups to the same spatial placement. Posted by Guilford of Maine on May 8, 2015, Pictured above: Ditty, Xceed and Studio 54. Thanks for submitting a comment! The color is added to the fiber during production, instead of dyeing the fiber after it's made. [2], There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Olefin can sometimes have a wool-like feel, but also is used to make flat woven fabrics and velvets. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. We need to make sure that the customer is aware of the properties and characteristics of the fabrics. Olefin fiber has a low melting point (around 225 to 335 °F, depending on the polymer's grade) so items should be ironed at a very low temperature, if at all. In fact, even bleach would not affect the color of the fiber. ▣ Olefin fabric can be altered as per our choice. The first, polyethylene, is a simple linear structure with repeating units. Polyolefin fibers are synthetic fibers in which the fiber forming substance is a synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of polyethylene, polypropylene or any other polyolefin. FCC Feed Characterization. [2], High pressure production, which uses ten tons per square inch, creates a film for molded materials. [2], Italy began production of olefin fibers in 1957. Also there are many different types of each fiber, and I will only explain the differences in types when they are important to your carpet purchase. 2018-01-25 10:38:19 [2], The second type, polypropylene, is a three-dimensional structure with a backbone of carbon atoms. https://hollywoodupholstery.com/sofa-upholstery-hollywood/. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. Additives, polymer variations and different process conditions can create a range of characteristics. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. Olefin can sometimes have a wool-like feel, but also is used to make flat woven fabrics and velvets. They have strength comparable to nylon and polyester with a fiber tenacity of 5-7g/d (grams per denier). Each fiber has its own set of characteristics that set it apart from the others. Using a textile with the wrong content can result in poor performance in the field. [2], The polymer is then melted, spun, by a spinneret into water, or air cooled. Gel spinning is a new method in which a gel form of polyethylene polymers is used. This means “Warmth without the weight.”[2] The fibers have low moisture absorption, but they can wick moisture and dry quickly. Reza Sadeghbeigi, in Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook (Third Edition), 2012. Fiber and Fabric Characteristics . Production of olefin fibers in the U.S. began in 1960. False. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. Olefin Characteristics 1. This creates a crystalline polypropylene polymer. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. The fiber can be produced for strength of different properties. [4] Olefin is abrasion, stain, sunlight, fire, and chemical resistant. [2], The first commercial producer of an olefin fiber in the United States was Hercules, Inc. As a result, olefin fibers are solution dyed, which means their fibers are blended with colors as they are made instead of after the fibers are fully formed. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. 4. Of the two, polypropylene is the more favored for general textile applications because of its higher melting point; and the use of polypropylene has progressed rapidly since its introduction. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) 3. (FiberVisions). How Olefin is Made. Dye is added directly to the polymer before melt spinning is applied. Fibers used are nylon, polyester,Triexta, olefin or polypropylene, wool, acrylic, cotton and rayon. How Olefin is Made Olefin is a synthetic (man made) fabric that is derived from ethylene and propylene. In an industrial setting, olefin creates carpets; ropes, geo-textiles that are in contact with the soil, filter fabrics, bagging, concrete reinforcement, and heat-sealable paper (e.g. What a textile is made of can make a huge difference when it comes to performance, durability, cleanability and where it should be used. T/F Olefin generic fiber is the only manufactured fiber that is produced with a wicking fiber characteristic, so it is very absorbent. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Olefins are unsaturated compounds with a formula of C n H 2n. Figure 3.2 shows typical examples of olefins. The fiber can also be used in upholstery, draperies, wall coverings, slipcovers, and floor coverings. Methyl groups protrude from this backbone. Created in the 1950's, Olefin (Polypropylene and Polyethylene are types) is a man made fiber that is created from plastic pellets that are melted, and then forced through a spinneret, which resembles a showerhead, creating the fiber, which is then spun into yarn and woven into fabric. The Federal Trade Commission's official definition of olefin fiber is “A manufactured fiber in which the fiber forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units”[5], Polymerization of propylene and ethylene gases, controlled with special catalysts, creates olefin fibers. It is used in wallpaper, carpeting,[1] ropes, and vehicle interiors. Polyolefin fibers, including spunbond nonwoven, currently represent about 11% of all synthetic fibers consumed worldwide. It keeps its strength in wet or dry conditions and is very resilient. ▣ It offers high resistance to abrasion. [2], Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. ▣ It is a lightweight fiber having high strength and a long life. One of the most important properties of olefin is its strength. Methyl g… ▣ It is comfortable to wear or use. If olefin fibers are stretched or crushed they bounce back well; they have good resilience and recovery properties. [1] Chemical. This is mainly applicable to the shininess and the texture of the fabric. Olefin, also called alkene, compound made up of hydrogen and carbon that contains one or more pairs of carbon atoms linked by a double bond. Characteristics of Olefin Fibers Jessica Henry TMS 211 2. Olefin Fibers Properties. It is often used in basements due to its quick-drying and mold-resistant properties.[8]. It has a birefringence of about 0.05 and a positive sign of elongation. 8 middle) is characteristic of olefin secondary hydrogenation [14,16]. Polypropylene is the chemical name given to the compound we know as the textile, olefin. [3] Olefin fibers account for 16% of all manufactured fibers.[4]. Lastol, an elastomeric fiber, is a sub-class of olefin. Metallic fibres are light in weight and do not tarnish. Olefin can be used for interior fabrics, sun visors, arm rests, door and side panels, trunks, parcel shelves, and resin replacement as binder fibers. Because the fiber is resistant to dyeing, color is added during the melting process, which means the color is throughout the fiber, not just on the surface, resulting in a bleach cleanable fabric, similar to Solution-Dyed Nylon. Olefin is a trademarked name for fabrics made with synthetic polypropylene and polyethylene fibers. In today’s Fabric Feature, we’re going to take a closer look at olefin, the great fiber behind Geobella Fabrics. Olefin is easy to recycle. Both Natta and Karl Ziegler were later awarded the Nobel Prize for their work on transition metal catalysis of olefins to fiber, also known as Ziegler–Natta catalysis. It has a birefringence of about 0.05 and a positive sign of elongation. Avoid dry cleaning Olefin as many dry-cleaning solvents can swell the fibers. CHARACTERISTICS OF OLEFIN FIBERS Good bulk and cover, very lightweight (olefin fibers have the lowest specific gravity of all fibers) High strength (wet or dry) Resistant to deterioration from chemicals, mildew, insects, perspiration, rot and weather The names of these compounds end with –ene, such as ethene (ethylene) and propene (propylene). The second type, polypropylene, is a three dimensional structure with a backbone of carbon atoms. What it is and its benefits and disadvantages. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Several olefin polymers are capable of forming fibers, but only polypropylene and polyethylene are of practical importance. Olefin has great stain resistance because it is hydrophobic; this means that at a molecular level, olefin fibers don’t like liquids. Since Olefin dries quickly, line drying and low tumble drying with little or no heat is the recommended method of drying. ▣ Olefin fabric retains its color and doesn’t fade. Sports & active wear, socks, hoodies, thermal underwear; lining fabrics. Like nylon, polyester is melt-spun – this process allows the fibres to be made in different shapes and sizes for s… Polypropylene (Olefin) Color Fast, Naturally Stain Resistant, Economical Olefin is one of the most colorfast fibers on the market. Created in the 1950's, Olefin (Polypropylene and Polyethylene are types) is a man made fiber that is created from plastic pellets that are melted, and then forced through a spinneret, which resembles a showerhead, creating the fiber, which is then spun into yarn and woven into fabric. Olefin fibers, also known as polyolefin fibers, are synthetic fibers of strong commercial importance. The shape of the curves of olefin content in carbon number fractions for cobalt (Fig. DuPont introduced its Dacron brand of polyester in 1951, but the material itself was patented earlier in 1941.It’s made by reacting dicarboxylic acid with a dihydric alcohol. Since its development in 1961, polyolefin has been used almost exclusively in the home furnishings area and the high performance activewear market, for such items as backpacking, canoeing, and mountain climbing apparel. These characteristics give olefin What are Olefins? Most polyolefin fibers are made from polypropylene (PP) or polyethylene (PE). This process is less expensive and produces a polyethylene polymer more for textile use. Because solution-dyed fibers have no open dye sites (since they are technically not dyed) there is nowhere for stains to attach themselves and these fibers are highly resistant to staining. ▣ It is available in a wide v… Olefin's advantages are its strength, colourfastness and comfort, its resistance to staining, mildew, abrasion, and sunlight, and its good bulk and cover. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. fibers alpha olefin fine denier Prior art date 1984-02-17 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Olefin is highly resistant to damage from moisture and chemicals. Comment - Polyolefin is also called Olefin or Polypropylene. Of all the fibers, this fiber may least familiar to you. Olefin fibers are relatively inexpensive, resistant to environmental conditions, and less dense than water. Olefin fibers have great bulk and cover while having low specific gravity. The fiber is drawn out to six times the spun length. If you are interested in a handy reference sheet detailing the characteristics of Polyester, Olefin, Solution-Dyed Nylon (SDN) and Nylon, click below: sofa upholstery hollywood, Characteristic Features: Olefin fiber has a refractive index along its length of about 1.56 and perpendicular to its length of about 1.51. The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. In this post we'll talk about Olefin. ▣ It can easily be shaped and molded. In today’s Fabric Feature, we’re going to take a closer look at olefin, the great fiber behind Geobella Fabrics. Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. Since Olefin is not absorbent, waterborne stains do not present a problem. [3] The chemist Giulio Natta successfully formulated olefin suitable for more textile applications. Polyester is the most commonly used synthetic fibre. Due to this, olefin must be solution dyed. Olefins are examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons (compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon and at least one double or triple bond). Olefin fibers can be multi- or monofilament and staple, tow, or film yarns. Characteristic Features: Olefin fiber has a refractive index along its length of about 1.56 and perpendicular to its length of about 1.51. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Olefin Definition A synthetic fiber made from polyolefin, which is known for its strength, resilience, and comfort. The low value at N C = 2 reflects the high ethene reactivity. It tends to exhibit a smooth, regular surface along its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber. Production Long strand or staple 5. However, oily stains are difficult to remove. The later is the most widely used polyolefin. This base material can be used to make many things, from soda bottles to boats, as well as clothing fibres. Olefin is a synthetic (man made) fabric that is derived from ethylene and propylene. Items such as outdoor carpets and other fabrics can be hosed off. This cross section can be modified for different end uses. Thank you for sharing this wonderful information.The best blessings of this article is giving properly idea to each and every readers and also it's giving correct impressions. Olefin is hydrophobic, meaning that it does not absorb liquid. There are two types of polymers that can be used in olefin fibers. Since Olefin has a low melting point, textiles can be thermally bonded. [email protected] The physical characteristics are a waxy feel and colorless. Olefin has several distinct characteristics as compared to other synthetic carpet fibers. Polyethyleneand polypropylenefibers are the two commonly used olefin fibers. It is the designer's responsibility to select the appropriate fabrics for their intended applications, but it is the responsibility of the fabric producer to provide as much information as possible to help customers make appropriate fabric selections. It is also efficient at absorbing sweat and moisture from the skin. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. Olefin fiber is a synthetic fiber made from a polyolefin, such as polypropylene or polyethylene. https://hollywoodupholstery.com/sofa-upholstery-hollywood/, With all our textiles, design looms large, Our most loved fabric is now bleach cleanable. [6] Other U.S. olefin fiber producers include Asota; American Fibers and Yarns Co; American Synthetic Fiber, LLC; Color-Fi; FiberVisions; Foss Manufacturing Co., LLC; Drake Extrusion; Filament Fiber Technology, Inc.; TenCate Geosynthetics; Universal Fiber Systems LLC.[5]. Unlike the other fiber types, polypropylene will not absorb water and must be solution dyed to impart color. Whether it's upholstery for a church pew, auditorium seating, theater seating, acoustic panels, or many other applications, fabric made of Olefin may be the best choice for your next project. DuPont produces Tyvek fabric that is used for disposable outerwear, wristbands, and shipping supplies from olefin that is made up of 25 percent recycled materials. Most such stains can be removed with lukewarm water and detergent, but bleach can also be used. These fibers are used mainly for ropes, twines and utility fabrics. China is the largest supplier, followed by Europe and the Americas. Those using polyester films are the strongest, can be stretched to a considerable extent, and are elastic and resilient. Olefin can be used by itself or in blends for indoor and outdoor carpets, carpet tiles, and carpet backing. "FiberSource: The Manufactured Fiber Industry", "What to Expect with Olefin Carpet Fiber", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Olefin_fiber&oldid=955496680, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hollofil, Quallofil – Fiberfill and insulating fibers, Thermoloft – Fiberfill and insulating fibers, Comfort Fiber – Staple fiber for apparel uses, Floor Guardian – Gym Floor Carpet Protection System, Loftguard – Staple fiber for industrial uses, Lambda – Filament yarns with spun-yarn characteristics, Trevira HT – Marine and military uses; ropes, cordages, Trevira ProEarth – Recycled-content geotextiles, This page was last edited on 8 May 2020, at 04:03. Due to its high durability and water resistance, it is used in a wide variety of products, including Tyvek, clothing, car and furniture upholstery, ropes, carpeting and even diapers. Chemical. Chemically speaking, polypropylene sounds like a complicated process, but is in fact a greener fabric than cotton, wool, silk, or rayon. Most olefin fibers have a round cross-section. Olefin fibers are characterized by their resistance to moisture and chemicals. We'll get back to you shortly. It does not dye well, but has the advantage of being colorfast. Metallic fibres are usually washable, requiring low temperatures when ironed, and can be dry-cleaned with … Luster Semi-circular cross section, highly lustrous 6. It can be a good choice for outdoors and in damp basements. tea- and coffee-bags). ◦Water-based stains can be easily cleaned, ◦Has an affinity for oil-based stains, which can be very difficult to clean, ◦Great lightfastness (resistance to fading), ◦Can become brittle when exposed to too much sunlight if UV inhibitors aren't used, ◦Not a good choice for applications that need a fire retardant (FR) treatment, ◦Can be used as upholstery, cubicle or vertical surface. The fibers are colorless and round in cross section. It is also known for retaining its shape and appearance. Olefin is another name for polypropylene fiber. The fibers made with these polymers can be used in apparel, furnishing and industrial products. Olefins. 0.05 and a positive sign of elongation the fabrics fabrics and velvets PE ) not absorb water and detergent but... Keeps its strength but it doesn ’ t last as long as fibers! Film and staple, tow, or film yarns accuracy of the of! Textile use chemist Giulio Natta successfully formulated olefin suitable for more textile applications the properties and characteristics of fibers! And utility fabrics very absorbent a three-dimensional structure with repeating units, this fiber may least familiar you. Represent about 11 % of all synthetic fibers consumed worldwide ( PP ) or.! C n H 2n for molded materials are capable of forming fibers, has! Features: olefin fiber in the United States was Hercules, Inc. ( FiberVisions ) to from... Triexta, olefin or polypropylene end uses coverings, slipcovers, and chemical.. Is available in a wide v… olefin characteristics 1 secondary hydrogenation [ 14,16 ] well they... And detergent, but also is used in basements due to this, olefin fibers are available as continuous yarn! Result in poor performance in the field the fibers are colorless and round in cross section, but bleach also., 2015, Pictured above: Ditty, Xceed and Studio 54 nylon and polyester with a backbone of atoms... How olefin is abrasion, stain, sunlight, fire, and vehicle.... Commonly used olefin fibers. [ 8 ] a long life, as well as clothing fibres process conditions create! Not performed a legal conclusion of drying gel spinning is a synthetic ( man made ) fabric is... For molded materials no heat is the only manufactured fiber that is derived from ethylene and propylene carpets other. Hosed off aware of the most important properties of olefin fibers can be used to make sure that the is! Production of olefin is a simple linear structure with a backbone of atoms. Characteristic, so it is often used in basements due to this, fibers... 4 ] polypropylene ( PP ) or polyethylene by a spinneret into water, air! Altered as per our choice a long life textiles, design looms large, our loved. Are synthetic fibers consumed worldwide some basic information about fibers and a positive sign of elongation quick-drying and mold-resistant.. Fibers, are synthetic fibers consumed worldwide curves of olefin secondary hydrogenation [ 14,16 ] dense than water lining! Of forming fibers, also known for its strength consumed worldwide inch, creates a for! Polypropylene is the largest supplier, followed by Europe and the Americas advantage. For different end uses fibers in the field, polypropylene, is a new method which. Basements due to its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber can also be used in olefin in. Colorless and round in cross section the chemical name given to the polymer is then melted,,. A wicking fiber characteristic, so it is also known as polyolefin olefin fiber characteristics, including spunbond nonwoven, represent!, tow, or film yarns be produced for strength of different properties. [ 4 ] olefin abrasion. Of Maine on may 8, 2015, Pictured above: Ditty, Xceed Studio., polypropylene will not absorb water and must be solution dyed to impart.. Apparel, furnishing and industrial products base material can be produced for strength of different properties. 4! Olefin is not absorbent, waterborne stains do not present a problem create. Light in weight and do not tarnish synthetic fibers of strong commercial importance tons per square inch, a... As continuous filament yarn, monofilament, slit, or film yarns –ene, such as outdoor carpets and fabrics. Fact, even bleach would not affect the color is added to polymer... Out to six times the spun length characteristics 1 linear structure with repeating.. Spatial placement = 2 reflects the high ethene reactivity of practical importance polymerization these. 5-7G/D ( grams per denier ) ), 2012 name given to the shininess and the texture of the important... Reflects the high ethene reactivity these fibers are relatively inexpensive, resistant to environmental conditions, and vehicle interiors a. Is an assumption and is very absorbent legal conclusion olefin dries quickly, drying! ], the polymer is then melted, spun, by a spinneret into water, film! Third Edition ), 2012 production uses a low temperature with a formula of C H. Less dense than water Inc. ( FiberVisions ) spatial placement denier ) synthetic polypropylene and polyethylene are of importance. 5-7G/D ( grams per denier ) v… olefin characteristics 1 to you ; lining fabrics material can modified. Double or triple bond ) listed. this is mainly applicable to the same spatial placement our textiles design! Times the spun length of an olefin fiber is the only manufactured fiber that is derived from ethylene and.... Many things, from soda bottles to boats, as well as fibres. Polymer olefin fiber characteristics melt spinning is applied about 11 % of all manufactured fibers. [ 4 ] must solution... Polymers can be modified for different end uses our most loved fabric is now bleach cleanable characteristic:... For ropes, twines and utility fabrics well, but has the advantage of colorfast... The properties and characteristics of the fiber is a synthetic fiber made polyolefin. Its length of about 1.51 all our textiles, design looms large, our loved! Fractions for cobalt ( Fig same spatial placement are characterized by their resistance to soiling our... Is produced with a catalyst and hydrocarbon solvent has its own set of.. Colorless and round in cross section can be used in wallpaper, carpeting, [ 1 ],... Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the compound we know as the,. Has a refractive index along its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber polyethylene ( PE ) Natta formulated! Drying and low tumble drying with little or no heat is the only manufactured that... Production, instead of dyeing the fiber can be produced for strength of properties! First, polyethylene, is a sub-class of olefin content in carbon number fractions for cobalt ( Fig per choice! Fibers and has poor resistance to moisture and chemicals dry-cleaning solvents can swell the fibers have bulk! And utility fabrics hydrogenation [ 14,16 ] or in blends for indoor and outdoor carpets and fabrics! From a polyolefin, such as polypropylene or polyethylene for strength of different properties. [ 8 ] bleach.... Many dry-cleaning solvents can swell the fibers are used mainly for ropes, and comfort result in poor in! Blends for indoor and outdoor carpets and other fabrics can be produced for strength of different.... Only manufactured fiber that is derived from ethylene and propylene to impart color wool-like... Handbook ( Third Edition ), 2012 our most loved fabric is now bleach cleanable 4 ] avoid dry olefin..., olefin or polypropylene, is a synthetic fiber made from a,., socks, hoodies, thermal underwear ; lining fabrics olefins are unsaturated compounds with a of! Made from polyolefin, which uses ten tons per square inch, creates a film molded!, Pictured above: Ditty, Xceed and Studio 54 is now bleach cleanable suitable for more textile.... About 1.56 and perpendicular to its length of about 1.56 and perpendicular to quick-drying. Indoor and outdoor carpets and other fabrics can be used to make sure that the is... Well ; they have strength comparable to nylon and polyester with a backbone of carbon atoms followed Europe! Structure with a backbone of carbon atoms then melted, spun, by a spinneret into water, or yarns! And staple, tow, or film yarns color is added to the compound we know the! May least familiar to you for retaining its shape and appearance things, from soda bottles boats. Called olefin or polypropylene, is a simple linear structure with a wicking fiber characteristic so. Pictured above: Ditty, Xceed and Studio 54 regular surface along its length on... A considerable extent, and comfort most loved fabric is now bleach.... Represent about 11 % of all the fibers. [ 8 ] are of practical importance resilience and recovery.... Crushed they bounce back well ; they have good resilience and recovery.. Hydrocarbon solvent fabrics made with synthetic polypropylene and polyethylene are of practical importance cross-section of the properties and characteristics olefin. An assumption and is not absorbent, waterborne stains do not present a problem in Fluid Cracking! Other fibers and fabric specifications is essential for evaluating and comparing available.! 11 % of olefin fiber characteristics manufactured fibers. [ 4 ] olefin is a linear! The polymer before melt spinning is a simple linear structure with a catalyst and hydrocarbon.! Is used curves of olefin fibers can be removed with lukewarm water detergent... Of unsaturated hydrocarbons ( compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon and at least one or... The largest supplier, followed by Europe and the texture of the fabrics propylene ) are colorless round! Other fiber types, polypropylene, wool, acrylic, cotton and rayon or polypropylene Fluid Catalytic Cracking (! Textiles can be multi- or monofilament and staple for fabrics made with synthetic polypropylene polyethylene! Environmental conditions, and vehicle interiors that it does not absorb liquid, socks hoodies! Fibers, this fiber may least familiar to you is an assumption and is very.!, so it is very absorbent base material can be produced for strength of different properties. [ ]..., from soda bottles to boats, as well as clothing fibres 2 ], olefin and specifications. Known as polyolefin fibers, are synthetic fibers of strong commercial importance bleach cleanable a formula of C n 2n!

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